top of page

AlexanderHuwigaStefanFreimundaOthmarKäppelibHansDutlerb (2001)

Mycotoxin detoxication of animal feed by different adsorbents

Toxicology Letters

Volume 122, Issue 2, 20 June 2001, Pages 179-188


Avantaggiato, G., Solfrizzo, M., Visconti, A., 2005.


Recent advances on the use of adsorbent materials for detoxification of Fusarium mycotoxins. Food Additives and Contaminants, 22, 379-388.

Diaz, G.J., Cortes, A., Roldan, L., 2005. Evaluation of the efficacy of four feed additives against the adverse effects of T-2 toxin in growing broiler chickens. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 14, 226-231.

*Edmunds, J.L., H.J. Worgan, K. Dougal, et al. 2016. In vitro analysis of the effect of supplementation with activated charcoal on the equine hindgut. Journal of Equine Science. 27(2):49-55.

Erickson,2 PAS, N. L. Whitehouse, and M. L. Dunn (2001).  Activated carbon supplementation of dairy cow diets: Effects on apparent totaltract nutrient digestibility and taste preference1 P. S. 

The Professional Animal Scientist 27 (2011):428–434

V. Frolkis, et al. (1984), “Enterosorption in prolonging old animal life.” Exp. Gerontol. 19; 217-25, 

Galey, F.D., Lambert, R.J., Busse, M., Buck, W.B., 1987. Therapeutic efficacy of superactive charcoal in rats exposed to oral lethal doses of T-2 toxin. Toxicon, 25, 493-499.


Galvano, F., Pietri, A., Bertuzzi, T., Bognanno, M., Chies, L., De Angelis, E., Galvano, M., 1997.

Activated carbons: In vitro affinity for fumonisin b1 and relation of adsorption ability to physicochemical parameters. Journal of Food Protection, 60, 985-991.


Galvano, F., Pietri, A., Bertuzzi, T., Fusconi, G., Galvano, M., Piva, A., Piva, G., 1996.

Reduction of carryover of aflatoxin from cow feed to milk by addition of activated carbons. Journal of Food Protection, 59, 551-554.

Hatch, R.C., Clark, J.D., Jain, A.V., Weiss, R., 1982. Induced acute aflatoxicosis in goats. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 43, 644-648.

Holt, L. E., Jr., and P. H. Holz. 1963. The black bottle.  J. Pediatr.  63:306

Huwig, A., Freimund, S., Kappeli, O., Dutler, H., 2001.

Mycotoxin detoxication of animal feed by different adsorbents. Toxicology Letters, 122, 179-188.

Poppenga, R.H., Beasley, V.R., Buck, W.B., 1987.

Assessment of potential therapies for acute T-2 toxicosis in the rat. Toxicon, 25, 537-546

Leung, M.C.K., Diaz-Llano, G., Smith, T.K., 2006. Mycotoxins in Pet Food: A Review on Worldwide Prevalence and Preventative Strategies. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 54, 9623-9635.

Stoeckli, H. F., and U. Huber. 1977. Adsorption and structural studies on activated carbons.  Agents Actions  7:411

FDA (2015) GRAS

NZ Food Safety GRAS register:






bottom of page